Cultural Differences in Marketing

My wife recently pointed out to me these two adverts. Both were published in the March 15th-21st edition of the Economist. This advert appeared on page 55:

Asian woman

The advert reads: “From departure to arrival, only dignified services for our dignified guests”

And this advert appeared on page 51:

Goldman Sachs

The advert reads: “Progress has a name. In fact, it now has 10,000 names. Each one representing the goals and aspirations of women in every corner of the world. 10,000 Women is designed to help these individuals make progress in their own lives. […] 10,000 Women will offer women the power of an entrepreneurial and management education. […]” etc

There were so many thoughts that came to my mind when I looked at these two adverts. First was that the Economist seems to accept any advert, even when it is sexist. I am not sure what this means for their moral high ground when reporting on the topic of women discrimination. The second was that it is hilarious that Korean Air publishes an advert like this in a Western magazine. Talking about cultural differences! The third thought was that there may be some concept in publishing where ads with opposing effects that are placed near each other probably cancel each other out. Like these two.

Finally, I though that the stewardesses at Korean Air probably could benefit from being helped by Goldman Sachs‘ 10,000 Women programme.

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Be the Customer

BAAPutting yourself in your customer’s place is the key to good product planning, design, development, and also, marketing. If you cannot see your product and its marketing from a customer’s perspective, it is likely to not go very far. However, I think just seeing your products by putting yourself in the shoes of your customers, probably doesn’t go far enough. You should actually be the customer. What do I mean with that? Let’s use a few examples to illustrate this.

I am a frequent traveller at several of the UK airports. There are so many things wrong with these airports. Most of these problems are probably very easy to fix and would cost little money. But they still persist. Examples are:

  • No screens displaying departure status where people actually sit. Examples are the sitting areas in Heathrow and in Gatwick airport. Essentially, there are few screens where there are seats and where there are screens there are few seats. What is that good for?
  • Total lack of clarity surrounding what is to be done at the X-ray machines. Laptop in the bag or out? What about liquids? Do I need to take off my belt? How about my shoes? So, why are there no big boards that explain it to people? Why do different lanes operate different procedures?
  • Why are the drugstores selling only bottles that are larger than 100ml when you are not allowed to take them on the plane on your return trip? Why should I buy a 250ml bottle of shampoo just to throw it away two days later? Particularly when all customers are continuously looking for smaller bottles and asking for them?

Don’t get me wrong, I am not complaining about the airports. These are just examples I am using to make a point. Let’s use another, completely different example.

When Lou Gerstner joined IBM as CEO in 1993, the company was in huge trouble. It was at some point probably only a few quarters away from being either broken up or going bankrupt. You can read this very interesting story in Lou Gerstner’s book: “Who says Elephants can’t dance? Eventually, the company got turned around and today is very successful again. There are a number of important steps that were taken to get to that point. Read them up in the book. What is interesting for this article not what these steps were, but why these steps were implemented.

The major reason for why the company was turned around was that Lou Gerstner came to the company as an IBM customer. He didn’t actually understand the technology. Or the industry. Or the company itself. But he had been a senior executive at American Express for a long time and there, he was a very significant IBM customer. He actually understood what customers wanted because he was one. Using his experience as a customer, he turned the company around by refocusing IBM on customer needs. He basically rebuild the company in a way that he as a customer would have been happy with it.

So, the point of this article is not just to say that companies need to be customer focused. Of course they need to be and I also believe that most companies are customer focussed. The point I am making is that in order to be able to execute this, the people that operate the company have to have the customer experience themselves. They need to be the customers.

The easiest way to put yourself in your customers’ shoes is to be a customer.

I am sure that if BAA executives travelled just like their customers do, then their airports would be much better. I am also sure that if the people who worked at the airport used it as their customers do, the airport would work better. It took a customer of IBM to arrive to fix the company. Let’s hope BAA management fix the airports before that needs to happen.

Update: Heathrow Terminal 5 has opened today. Here are some impressions of the first users. I just love the comment about the Terminal not being very user friendly.

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Great Marketing Gone Wrong

A friend of mine sent me this photo of a recent witty magazine advert that touches on the 2008 budget by Alistair Darling, the UK Chancellor of the Exchequer:

Alastair Darling

What is even funnier than the advert itself is that both the name of the company to be advertised and the URL are probably incorrect. is simply a coffee specialist. However, there is a reasonably well known tax advisory website called

Good example of great marketing gone wrong, thanks Andrey.

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